Circular Hakka Houses Create Self-Sustaining Communities | Inhabitat – Green Design Will Save the World

2011/03/02 § Leave a comment

 

War and conflict often bring about the destruction of architecture, however these forces can also result in new constructions that define a cultural identity and place. Stressed by China’s growing population, the Hakka people have been confronted with armed warfare for local resources since the 17th century. To remedy their situation the Hakka began building massive structures that could not only stave off intruders, but would also form amazing self-sustaining micro-communities complete with food storage, space for livestock, living quarters, temples, armories and more.


sustainable design, green design, self-sufficient communities, hakka houses, china, tulou communities, rammed earth walls, world heritage site

Settled in the mountainous southwest of the Fujian province, these communities are known as Tulou and are essentially fortresses built in either square or round shapes. Structures typically had only one entrance way and no windows at ground level, and a building could withstand a protracted siege by being well-equipped with food and an internal source of water; they also often had their own sophisticated sewage systems.

sustainable design, green design, self-sufficient communities, hakka houses, china, tulou communities, rammed earth walls, world heritage site

Built from either stone bricks or more commonly rammed earth, these spectacular structures have walls up to six feet thick and measure three to four stories in height. The largest houses covered over 430,000 sq feet and today it is not unusual to find surviving houses of over 110,000 sq feet, each able to house up to 80 families.

The Tulou are a true testament to the richness that can be found in China, and an example of the efficiency, value and benefit that can be derived from a collective style of habitation. In 2008, UNESCO granted the Tulou “apartments” World Heritage Status, citing the buildings as exceptional examples of a unique and functional building tradition.

Via Global Post


from Lifestyle / twitter

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

What’s this?

You are currently reading Circular Hakka Houses Create Self-Sustaining Communities | Inhabitat – Green Design Will Save the World at Lifestyle.

meta

%d bloggers like this: